RPM packages can declare various dependency information. The most common one is the “requires” one, which declares that this packages requires another one.

Also see:

Dependency types

The RPM builder current does support the following dependency types of RPM:

Name Tag Spec Name Type Description
Requirement <requires> requires Complex Require another package or capability
Prerequisite <prerequisites> prereq Simple Require another package or capability
Provide capability <provides> provides Simple Provide a capability (aka virtual package)
Conflict <conflicts> conflicts Simple Conflict with another package
Obsoletes <obsoletes> obsoletes Simple Obsolete another package

Dependency declarations come in two types: complex and simple. Currently only the <requires> element allows the complex configuration. The <prerequisites> dependency is actually a <requires> dependency, with the PREREQ flag set. So this can either be configured using a complex configuration using <requires> or the simple configuration using <prerequisite>. Both ways will get merged together when the RPM file is being created.

For more details and the semantics of these dependencies please consult the RPM documentation.

Note: In the following examples <dependencies> and <dependency> will be used to represent any dependency type.

Starting with version 0.11.0 of the plugin the new weak dependencies are also supported:

Name Tag Spec Name Type Description
Recommends <recommends> recommends Simple Weak forward
Supplements <supplements> supplements Simple Weak Reverse
Suggests <suggests> suggests Simple Very weak forward
Enhances <enhances> enhances Simple Very weak reverse

Basic configuration

Scripts are configured using the normal plugin configuration:


Please note that for each declared dependency a new sub-element without the trailing “s” is required.

Simple configuration

Declare a dependencies as follows:

<dependency>other-package &gt;= 1.0</dependency>

Or using text operators in order to avoid XML escaping:

   other-package ge 1.0   <!-- same as &gt;= -->
Operator XML Text alias Description
= = eq Equal
< &lt; lt Less than
> &gt; gt Greater than
<= &lt;= le Less than or equal
>= &gt;= ge Greater than or equal

Note: The whitespaces between the name and the operate are required. In other words foo >= 1.0 works, while foo>=1.0 does not!

Note: It is also not possible to declare multiple dependencies in one element: <provide>foo, bar</provide>. This will fail the build.

Complex configuration

Complex dependencies are done in the following way:

    <name>dependency-name</name>   <!--- required, e.g. package name -->
    <version>1.0</version>         <!-- optional version -->
    <!-- either one of those if a version was specified -->
    <pre/> <!-- optionally : set PREREQ flag -->
    <!-- optionally a set of flags -->
    <!-- or -->

Using the comparators (e.g. <greater/>) sum up. So it is possible to use <greater/><equal/> instead of <greaterOrEqual/>. However this also allows to produce illegal combinations like <less/><greater/>.

The comparator has to be omitted if there is no version and has to be provided when a version is set.

The <flags> element allows to set arbitrary dependency flags. Use this at your own risk! These flags are added to the comparator flags. For the full list of flags see RpmDependencyFlags.

The specified flags will be added to the internal dependency information. So the following configuration:


will result in the dependency information: (pre) foo >= 1.0

It is also possible to use the simple configuration syntax described above.


Note: Virtual packages (provides) should not have a version number according to RPM. However this is not enforced by the RPM builder plugin, but a warning is printed out on the console.